Gynaecological Ultrasound


A gynaecological ultrasound is an ultrasound assessment of the female pelvis, focussed mainly on the uterus and the ovaries, although other structures may be seen.

A gynaecological ultrasound can be performed for many different indications, such as:

  • Period or pelvic pain
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Heavy periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Absence of periods
  • Difficulty conceiving
  • Possible fibroids
  • Suspected ovarian cyst
  • Suspected pelvic mass felt on clinical examination
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Screening for ovarian cancer



Vaginal ultrasound provides much clearer views and more detail of the pelvic structures. A narrow, gel covered probe is gently introduced into the vagina. Most patients experience no pain or only very mild discomfort. The examination takes approximately 10-20 minutes.



In young girls, women who have not been sexually active or women who don't feel comfortable having a vaginal ultrasound, a transabdominal ultrasound, or an ultrasound through the abdominal wall can be performed. A very full bladder is needed.